Centre for Brain Fitness

The Centre for Brain Fitness is Baycrest’s commercial incubator responsible for commercializing our technology and expertise to create social and economic benefit. The Centre for Brain Fitness administers several programs to build that bridge from research results to commercialization. The centre and those programs provide entrepreneurs a way to engage with Baycrest scientists and their life-changing products and services.

The Centre for Brain Fitness was founded on the vision of transforming the aging process through the development of evidence-based technologies and interventions aimed at the early detection and prevention of neurocognitive decline; the repair and rehabilitation of function in response to disease insult; and the maintenance of cognitive abilities to prolong independent living.

In collaboration with MaRS, we are connecting science with technology and creating innovative, market-driven research products that will reduce the prevalence of cognitive decline in an aging population.

Baycrest has developed a number of unique interventions and technologies that will enable therapists to make a difference in their clients’ lives. Baycrest is developing programs to allow therapists to be trained and supported in the delivery of these interventions. The latest science in aging underlie all of our programs and by using these interventions, therapists will benefit in their practice from the ongoing research at Baycrest.

Some examples of the interventions we are working on:

Training For Older Adults Workshop – In partnership with the Certified Professional Trainers Network (CPTN), Baycrest has developed a program to teach personal trainers how to accommodate the special needs of older adults.

Baycrest Advanced Geriatric Life Support Training – A combination of survival manuals and scenario-based training courses that are designed to assist physicians in the management of common acute, chronic, and palliative presentations in elderly patients.

Caring for Others – A web-based program that helps organizations provide support and value to an often overlooked ally in improved patient outcomes: the caregiver. Download this PDF for more information.

Memory Link Program – Memory-Link taps into preserved memory systems to teach amnesic individuals the skill sets necessary to utilize electronic memory-aids. Treatment is customized and addresses the entire spectrum of cognitive, occupational and social challenges that arise in amnesia.

The service is intended for adults with severe memory problems related to

  • Stroke
  • Anoxia
  • Infection
  • Hydrocephalus
  • Herpes encephalitis
  • Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome
  • Tumor

Memory-Link is packaging knowledge gained from twenty years experience into a model of service delivery suitable for sharing with other local, national, and international centers. It will reflect contemporary communications practices and will integrate participatory technologies such as blogs, and other collaboration and communication systems, into its training, knowledge dissemination, outreach, and client support. This service, research and educational environment will be a welcoming destination that will encourage clients, families and healthcare professionals dealing with memory impairment to “look inside” Memory-Link for answers and guidance.

Registration now open for Baycrest Train-the-Trainer workshops for cognitive rehabilitation!


First workshop: Goal Management Training®, June 8, 2015. Led by Brian Levine, Ph.D., C.Psych., ABPP-cn.

Early-bird and student discounts available.

Goal Management Training® – Executive functions are responsible for the control, direction, and regulation of cognitive and mental processes. Goal Management Training (GMT) provides clinicians with a validated, structured program for rehabilitation of executive functions.

Goal Management Training logo TM

New video produced by the Heart and Stroke Foundation Centre for Stroke Recovery. Watch the video on YouTube.

Executive or frontal lobe functions are responsible for the control, direction, and regulation of cognitive and mental processes. Examples of executive functions include paying attention, managing goals, and forming strategies. These skills are often affected in patients with impaired brain function, including those with traumatic brain injury, stroke, dementia, multiple sclerosis, or psychiatric disorders. Goal Management Training® (GMT) provides clinicians with a validated, structured program for rehabilitation of executive function.


Levine, B., Robertson I, Clare, L., Carter, G., Wilson, B.A., Duncan, J., & Stuss, D.T. (2000). Rehabilitation of executive functioning: An experimental-clinical validation of Goal Management Training. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 6, 299-312.

van Hooren, S. A., Valentijn, S. A., Bosma, H., Ponds, R. W., van Boxtel, M. P., Levine, B., Robertson, I., & Jolles, J. (2007). Effect of a structured course involving goal management training in older adults: A randomised controlled trial. Patient Educ Couns, 65, 205-213.

Levine, B., Stuss, D. T., Winocur, G., Binns, M. A., Fahy, L., Mandic, M., Bridges, K., & Robertson, I. H. (2007). Cognitive rehabilitation in the elderly: Effects on strategic behavior in relation to goal management. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 13, 143-152.

Fish, J., Evans, J.J., Nimmo, M., Martin, E., Kersel, D., Bateman, A., Wilson, B.A., & Manly, T. (2007). Rehabilitation of executive dysfunction following brain injury: “Content-free’ cueing improves everyday prospective memory performance. Neuropsychologia, 45(6), 1318-1330.

Schweizer, T.A., Levine, B., Rewilak, D., O’Connor, C., Turner, G.R., Alexander, M.P., Cusimano, M. Manly, T., Robertson, I., & Stuss, D.T. (2008). Rehabilitation of executive functioning after focal damage to the cerebellum. Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair, 22, 72-77.

Levine, B., Schweizer, T., O’Connor, C., Turner, G., Gillingham, S., Stuss, D.T., Manly T., & Robertson, I. H.(2011). Rehabilitation of executive functioning in patients with frontal lobe damage with Goal Management Training. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 5:9.

Alfonso, J.P., Caracuel, A., Delgado-Pastor, L.C., & Verdejo-Garcia, A. (2011). Combined goal management training and mindfulness meditation improve executive functions and decision-making performance in abstinent polysubstance abusers. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 117(1), 78-81.

Jackson, J., Ely, E. W., Morey, M.C., Anderson, V.M., Sievert, C.S., Denne, L.B., Clune, J., Archer, K.R., Torres, R., Janz, D., Schiro, E., Jones, J., Shintani, A., Levine, B., Pun, B.T., Thompson, J., Brummel, N.E., & Hoenig, H. (2011). Cognitive and physical rehabilitation of intensive care unit survivors: Results of the RETURN randomized controlled pilot investigation. Critical Care Med.

Publications using modified GMT

Novakovic-Agopian, T., Chen, A.J., Rome, S., Abrams, G., Castelli, H., Rossi, A., McKim, R., Hills, N., & D’Esposito, M. (2011). Rehabilitation of executive functioning with training in attention regulation applied to individulally defined goals: A pilot study bridging theory, assessment, and treatment. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation.

Chen, A.J., Novakovic-Agorian, T., Nycum, T.J., Song, S., Turner, G.R., Hills, N.K., Rome, S., Abrams, G.M., & D’Esposito, M. (2011) Training of goal-directed attention regulation enhances control over neural processing for individuals with brain injury. Brain, 134(Pt 5), 1541-1554.

More Information

The next Train-the-Trainer workshop will be held on Monday June 8, 2015 at Baycrest.

Administration of Goal Management Training® requires purchase of the program kit, sold separately. The Goal Management Training® kit containing a trainer’s manual, 10 client workbooks and the program slides will cost $600 (Canadian) and can be purchased by clicking here.

One of the first steps when taking a new and exciting invention from research to business idea is identifying the intellectual property (IP) that is part of your invention. This involves not only protecting your intellectual property but also understanding other IP in the research area. It may involve researching and applying for patents, trademarks, and copyright, where appropriate.

If you are affiliated with Baycrest and you feel you may have a significant discovery, even if you don’t think it has commercial opportunities, please contact the Centre for Brain Fitness as soon as possible. The Centre for Brain Fitness provides support in completing Baycrest’s Intellectual Property Disclosure Form. If there is IP to be protected, we can quickly and easily file a provisional patent. Once filed, you can disclose your discovery in abstracts, posters, papers, or conference talks without impacting the IP protection.